The protosw KPI historically has implemented two quite orthogonal
things: protocols that implement a certain kind of socket, and
protocols that are IPv4/IPv6 protocol. These two things do not
make one-to-one correspondence. The pr_input and pr_ctlinput methods
were utilized only in IP protocols. This strange duality required
IP protocols that doesn't have a socket to declare protosw, e.g.
carp(4). On the other hand developers of socket protocols thought
that they need to define pr_input/pr_ctlinput always, which lead to
strange dead code, e.g. div_input().
With change pr_input and pr_ctlinput as part of protosw disappear
and IPv4/IPv6 get their private single level protocol switch table
ip_protox and ip6_protox respectively, pointing at array of
ipproto_input_t functions. The pr_ctlinput that was used for
control input coming from the network (ICMP, ICMPv6) is now represented
by ip_ctlprotox and ip6_ctlprotox.
ipproto_register() becomes the only official way to register in the
table. Those protocols that were always static and unlikely anybody
is interested in making them loadable, are now registered by ip_init(),
ip6_init(). An IP protocol that considers itself unloadable shall
register itself with its own private SYSINIT().