TY - JOUR

T1 - Gauge-invariant perturbations in a scalar field dominated universe

AU - Bruni, Marco

AU - Ellis, Geirge F. R.

AU - Dunsby, Peter K. S.

PY - 1992/4/1

Y1 - 1992/4/1

N2 - The authors propose a new covariant and gauge-invariant (GI) treatment of perturbations in a Robertson-Walker universe dominated by a classical scalar field phi . They first set up the formalism, based on the natural slicing of the problem by the surfaces phi =constant, and introduce a set of covariantly defined GI variables. In their approach the whole inhomogeneity of the matter field is incorporated in the GI spatial fluctuations of the momentum psi of phi ; then the GI density perturbations are simply proportional to the momentum perturbations. The inhomogeneity of the geometry is characterized by GI fluctuations of the 3-curvature scalar of the surfaces phi =constant. The time evolution of the matter and curvature perturbations are coupled by a pair of first-order linear differential equations. Correspondingly, each GI variable satisfies a second-order linear homogeneous differential equation. When the background curvature vanishes, k=0, the curvature variable is conserved for perturbation scales larger than the horizon, but this is no longer true in general if k not=0. They discuss simple examples, including the case when more than one scalar field is present, recovering standard results for inflationary universe models. They also demonstrate that in coasting solutions with k=-1, inhomogeneities are damped out on all scales.

AB - The authors propose a new covariant and gauge-invariant (GI) treatment of perturbations in a Robertson-Walker universe dominated by a classical scalar field phi . They first set up the formalism, based on the natural slicing of the problem by the surfaces phi =constant, and introduce a set of covariantly defined GI variables. In their approach the whole inhomogeneity of the matter field is incorporated in the GI spatial fluctuations of the momentum psi of phi ; then the GI density perturbations are simply proportional to the momentum perturbations. The inhomogeneity of the geometry is characterized by GI fluctuations of the 3-curvature scalar of the surfaces phi =constant. The time evolution of the matter and curvature perturbations are coupled by a pair of first-order linear differential equations. Correspondingly, each GI variable satisfies a second-order linear homogeneous differential equation. When the background curvature vanishes, k=0, the curvature variable is conserved for perturbation scales larger than the horizon, but this is no longer true in general if k not=0. They discuss simple examples, including the case when more than one scalar field is present, recovering standard results for inflationary universe models. They also demonstrate that in coasting solutions with k=-1, inhomogeneities are damped out on all scales.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36149036728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/9/4/010

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/9/4/010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:36149036728

VL - 9

SP - 921

EP - 945

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 4

M1 - 010

ER -