Allow TLS records to be decrypted in the kernel after being received
by a NIC. At a high level this is somewhat similar to software KTLS
for the transmit path except in reverse. Protocols enqueue mbufs
containing encrypted TLS records (or portions of records) into the tail
of a socket buffer and the KTLS layer decrypts those records before
returning them to userland applications. However, there is an important
- In the transmit case, the socket buffer is always a single "record" holding a chain of mbufs. Not-yet-encrypted mbufs are marked not ready (M_NOTREADY) and released to protocols for transmit by marking mbufs ready once their data is encrypted.
- In the receive case, incoming (encrypted) data appended to the socket buffer is still a single stream of data from the protocol, but decrypted TLS records are stored as separate records in the socket buffer and read individually via recvmsg().
Initially I tried to make this work by marking incoming mbufs as
M_NOTREADY, but there didn't seemed to be a non-gross way to deal with
picking a portion of the mbuf chain and turning it into a new record
in the socket buffer after decrypting the TLS record it contained
(along with prepending a control message). Also, such mbufs would
also need to be "pinned" in some way while they are being decrypted
such that a concurrent sbcut() wouldn't free them out from under the
thread performing decryption.
As such, I settled on the following solution:
- Socket buffers now contain an additional chain of mbufs (sb_mtls, sb_mtlstail, and sb_tlscc) containing encrypted mbufs appended by the protocol layer. These mbufs are still marked M_NOTREADY, but soreceive*() generally don't know about them (except that they will block waiting for data to be decrypted for a blocking read).
- Each time a new mbuf is appended to this TLS mbuf chain, the socket buffer peeks at the TLS record header at the head of the chain to determine the encrypted record's length. If enough data is queued for the TLS record, the socket is placed on a per-CPU TLS workqueue (reusing the existing KTLS workqueues and worker threads).
- The worker thread loops over the TLS mbuf chain decrypting records until it runs out of data. Each record is detached from the TLS mbuf chain while it is being decrypted to keep the mbufs "pinned". However, a new sb_dtlscc field tracks the character count of the detached record and sbcut()/sbdrop() is updated to account for the detached record. After the record is decrypted, the worker thread first checks to see if sbcut() dropped the record. If so, it is freed (can happen when a socket is closed with pending data). Otherwise, the header and trailer are stripped from the original mbufs, a control message is created holding the decrypted TLS header, and the decrypted TLS record is appended to the "normal" socket buffer chain.
(Side note: the SBCHECK() infrastucture was very useful as I was
able to add assertions there about the TLS chain that caught several
bugs during development.)