The NVMe specification defines bits 13:4 of BAR0 as Reserved (i.e. 0x0).
Most drivers do not enforce this, but the Windows NVMe driver does and
will refuse to start the device (i.e. error 10) if any of these bits are
The current BAR size calculation tries to minimize the amount of memory
the device reserves by scaling the BAR size by the maximum number of
queues supported by the device. But unless the device supports a large
number of queue pairs (over 1536), it will reserve too little memory.
The fix is to allocate a minimum of 16K bytes for BAR0.