The boot metadata (also referred to as modinfo, or preload metadata)
provides information about the size and location of the kernel,
pre-loaded modules, and other metadata (e.g. the EFI framebuffer) to be
consumed during by the kernel during early boot. It is encoded as a
series of type-length-value entries and is usually constructed by
loader(8) and passed to the kernel. It is also faked on some
architectures when booted by other means.
Although much of the module information is available via kldstat(8),
there is no easy way to debug the metadata in its entirety. Add some
routines to parse this data and allow it to be printed to the console
during early boot or output via a sysctl.
Since the output can be lengthly, printing to the console is gated
behind the debug.dump_modinfo_at_boot environment variable as well as
the BOOTVERBOSE flag. The sysctl to print the metadata is named