netlink: add netlink support
Netlinks is a communication protocol currently used in Linux kernel to modify,
read and subscribe for nearly all networking state. Interfaces, addresses, routes,
firewall, fibs, vnets, etc are controlled via netlink.
It is async, TLV-based protocol, providing 1-1 and 1-many communications.
The current implementation supports the subset of NETLINK_ROUTE
family. To be more specific, the following is supported:
- nexthops / nexthop groups
- interface addresses
- neighbors (arp/ndp)
- interface arrival/departure
- interface address arrival/departure
- route addition/deletion
- adding/deleting routes
- adding/deleting nexthops/nexthops groups
- adding/deleting neghbors
- adding/deleting interfaces (basic support only)
- Rtsock interaction
- route events are bridged both ways
The implementation also supports the NETLINK_GENERIC family framework.
Netlink is implemented via loadable/unloadable kernel module,
not touching many kernel parts.
Each netlink socket uses dedicated taskqueue to support async operations
that can sleep, such as interface creation. All message processing is
performed within these taskqueues.
Most of the Netlink data models specified above maps to FreeBSD concepts
nicely. Unmodified ip(8) binary correctly works with
interfaces, addresses, routes, nexthops and nexthop groups. Some
software such as net/bird require header-only modifications to compile
and work with FreeBSD netlink.
Reviewed by: imp
Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D36002
MFC after: 2 months