Add prng(9) API
Add prng(9) as a replacement for random(9) in the kernel.
There are two major differences from random(9) and random(3):
- General prng(9) APIs (prng32(9), etc) do not guarantee an implementation or particular sequence; they should not be used for repeatable simulations.
- However, specific named API families are also exposed (for now: PCG), and those are expected to be repeatable (when so-guaranteed by the named algorithm).
Some minor differences from random(3) and earlier random(9):
- PRNG state for the general prng(9) APIs is per-CPU; this eliminates contention on PRNG state in SMP workloads. Each PCPU generator in an SMP system produces a unique sequence.
- Better statistical properties than the Park-Miller ("minstd") PRNG (longer period, uniform distribution in all bits, passes BigCrush/PractRand analysis).
- Faster than Park-Miller ("minstd") PRNG -- no division is required to step PCG-family PRNGs.
For now, random(9) becomes a thin shim around prng32(). Eventually I
would like to mechanically switch consumers over to the explicit API.
Reviewed by: kib, markj (previous version both)
Discussed with: markm
Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D25916