Improve MD page fault handlers.
Centralize calculation of signal and ucode delivered on unhandled page
fault in new function vm_fault_trap(). MD trap_pfault() now almost
always uses the signal numbers and error codes calculated in
consistent MI way.
This introduces the protection fault compatibility sysctls to all
non-x86 architectures which did not have that bug, but apparently they
were already much more wrong in selecting delivered signals on
Change the delivered signal for accesses to mapped area after the
backing object was truncated. According to POSIX description for
The system shall always zero-fill any partial page at the end of an object. Further, the system shall never write out any modified portions of the last page of an object which are beyond its end. References within the address range starting at pa and continuing for len bytes to whole pages following the end of an object shall result in delivery of a SIGBUS signal. An implementation may generate SIGBUS signals when a reference would cause an error in the mapped object, such as out-of-space condition.
Adjust according to the description, keeping the existing
compatibility code for SIGSEGV/SIGBUS on protection failures.
For situations where kernel cannot handle page fault due to resource
limit enforcement, SIGBUS with a new error code BUS_OBJERR is
delivered. Also, provide a new error code SEGV_PKUERR for SIGSEGV on
amd64 due to protection key access violation.
vm_fault_hold() is renamed to vm_fault(). Fixed some nits in
trap_pfault()s like mis-interpreting Mach errors as errnos. Removed
unneeded truncations of the fault addresses reported by hardware.