Switch to use shared vnode locks for text files during image activation.


Switch to use shared vnode locks for text files during image activation.

kern_execve() locks text vnode exclusive to be able to set and clear
VV_TEXT flag. VV_TEXT is mutually exclusive with the v_writecount > 0

The change removes VV_TEXT, replacing it with the condition
v_writecount <= -1, and puts v_writecount under the vnode interlock.
Each text reference decrements v_writecount. To clear the text
reference when the segment is unmapped, it is recorded in the
vm_map_entry backed by the text file as MAP_ENTRY_VN_TEXT flag, and
v_writecount is incremented on the map entry removal

The operations like VOP_ADD_WRITECOUNT() and VOP_SET_TEXT() check that
v_writecount does not contradict the desired change. vn_writecheck()
is now racy and its use was eliminated everywhere except access.
Atomic check for writeability and increment of v_writecount is
performed by the VOP. vn_truncate() now increments v_writecount
around VOP_SETATTR() call, lack of which is arguably a bug on its own.

nullfs bypasses v_writecount to the lower vnode always, so nullfs
vnode has its own v_writecount correct, and lower vnode gets all
references, since object->handle is always lower vnode.

On the text vnode' vm object dealloc, the v_writecount value is reset
to zero, and deadfs vop_unset_text short-circuit the operation.
Reclamation of lowervp always reclaims all nullfs vnodes referencing
lowervp first, so no stray references are left.

Reviewed by: markj, trasz
Tested by: mjg, pho
Sponsored by: The FreeBSD Foundation
MFC after: 1 month
Differential revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D19923