random(4): Restore availability tradeoff prior to r346250
As discussed in that commit message, it is a dangerous default. But the
safe default causes enough pain on a variety of platforms that for now,
restore the prior default.
Some of this is self-induced pain we should/could do better about; for
example, programmatic CI systems and VM managers should introduce entropy
from the host for individual VM instances. This is considered a future work
On modern x86 and Power9 systems, this may be wholly unnecessary after
D19928 lands (even in the non-ideal case where early /boot/entropy is
unavailable), because they have fast hardware random sources available early
in boot. But D19928 is not yet landed and we have a host of architectures
which do not provide fast random sources.
This change adds several tunables and diagnostic sysctls, documented
thoroughly in UPDATING and sys/dev/random/random_infra.c.
PR: 230875 (reopens)
Reported by: adrian, jhb, imp, and probably others
Reviewed by: delphij, imp (earlier version), markm (earlier version)
Discussed with: adrian
Approved by: secteam(delphij)
Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D19944