netgraph/ng_bridge: Derive forwarding mode from first attached hook
Handling of unknown MACs on an bridge with incomplete learning
capabilites (aka uplink ports) can be defined in different ways.
The classical approach is to broadcast unicast frames send to an
unknown MAC, because the unknown devices can be everywhere. This mode
is default for ng_bridge(4).
In the case of dedicated uplink ports, which prohibit learning of MAC
addresses in order to save memory and CPU cycles, the broadcast
approach is dangerous. All traffic to the uplink port is broadcasted
to every downlink port, too. In this case, it's better to restrict the
distribution of frames to unknown MAC to the uplink ports only.
In order to keep the chance small and the handling as natural as
possible, the first attached link is used to determine the behaviour
of the bridge: If it is an "uplink" port, then the bridge switch from
classical mode to restricted mode.
Reviewed By: kp
Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D28487
(cherry picked from commit c869d905baa4e329dfd6793e7487b5985248ddb6)