vm_map: Handle kernel map entry allocator recursion
On platforms without a direct map[*], vm_map_insert() may in rare
situations need to allocate a kernel map entry in order to allocate
kernel map entries. This poses a problem similar to the one solved for
vmem boundary tags by vmem_bt_alloc(). In fact the kernel map case is a
bit more complicated since we must allocate entries with the kernel map
locked, whereas vmem can recurse into itself because boundary tags are
The solution is to add a custom slab allocator for kmapentzone which
allocates KVA directly from kernel_map, bypassing the kmem_* layer.
This avoids mutual recursion with the vmem btag allocator. Then, when
vm_map_insert() allocates a new kernel map entry, it avoids triggering
allocation of a new slab with M_NOVM until after the insertion is
complete. Instead, vm_map_insert() allocates from the reserve and sets
a flag in kernel_map to trigger re-population of the reserve just before
the map is unlocked. This places an implicit upper bound on the number
of kernel map entries that may be allocated before the kernel map lock
is released, but in general a bound of 1 suffices.
- This also comes up on amd64 with UMA_MD_SMALL_ALLOC undefined, a
configuration required by some kernel sanitizers.
Discussed with: kib, rlibby
Reported by: andrew
Tested by: pho (i386 and amd64 with !UMA_MD_SMALL_ALLOC)
Sponsored by: The FreeBSD Foundation
Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D26851