MFC r361995-r361996, r361999, r362111: posix_spawnp fixes
execvp: fix up the ENOEXEC fallback
If execve fails with ENOEXEC, execvp is expected to rebuild the command
with /bin/sh instead and try again.
The previous version did this, but overlooked two details:
argv can conceivably be NULL, in which case memp would never get
terminated. We must allocate no less than three * sizeof(char *) so we can
properly terminate at all times. For the non-NULL argv standard case, we
count all the non-NULL elements and actually skip the first argument, so we
end up capturing the NULL terminator in our bcopy().
The second detail is that the spec is actually worded such that we should
have been preserving argv as passed to execvp:
"[...] executed command shall be as if the process invoked the sh utility
using execl() as follows:
execl(<shell path>, arg0, file, arg1, ..., (char *)0);
where <shell path> is an unspecified pathname for the sh utility, file is
the process image file, and for execvp(), where arg0, arg1, and so on
correspond to the values passed to execvp() in argv, argv, and so on."
So we make this change at this time as well, while we're already touching
it. We decidedly can't preserve a NULL argv as this would be incredibly,
incredibly fragile, so we retain our legacy behavior of using "sh" for
argv in this specific instance.
Some light tests are added to try and detect some components of handling the
ENOEXEC fallback; posix_spawnp_enoexec_fallback_null_argv0 is likely not
100% reliable, but it at least won't raise false-alarms and it did result in
useful failures with pre-change libc on my machine.
This is a secondary change in D25038.
execvPe: obviate the need for potentially large stack allocations
Some environments in which execvPe may be called have a limited amount of
stack available. Currently, it avoidably allocates a segment on the stack
large enough to hold PATH so that it may be mutated and use strsep() for
easy parsing. This logic is now rewritten to just operate on the immutable
string passed in and do the necessary math to extract individual paths,
since it will be copying out those segments to another buffer anyways and
piecing them together with the name for a full path.
Additional size is also needed for the stack in posix_spawnp(), because it
may need to push all of argv to the stack and rebuild the command with sh in
front of it. We'll make sure it's properly aligned for the new thread, but
future work should likely make rfork_thread a little easier to use by
ensuring proper alignment.
Some trivial cleanup has been done with a couple of error writes, moving
strings into char arrays for use with the less fragile sizeof().
Add missing shell script from r361995
posix_spawn: fix for some custom allocator setups
libc cannot assume that aligned_alloc and free come from jemalloc, or that
any application providing its own malloc and free is actually providing
Switch back to malloc and just make sure we're passing a properly aligned
stack into rfork_thread, as an application perhaps can't reasonably replace
just malloc or just free without headaches.
This unbreaks ksh93 after r361996, which provides malloc/free but no