The read-ahead code from r298230 made it likely the boot code would read
beyond the end of disk. r298900 added code to prevent this. Some BIOSes
cause significant delays if asked to read past end-of-disk.
We never trusted the BIOS to accurately report the sectorsize of disks
before and this set of changes. Unfortuately they interact badly with
the infamous >2TB wraparound bugs. We have a number of relatively-recent
machines in the FreeBSD.org cluster where the BIOS reports 3TB disks as 1TB.
With pre-r298900 they work just fine. After r298900 they stop working if
the boot environment attempts to access anything outside the first 1TB on
the disk. 'ZFS: I/O error, all block copies unavailable' etc. It affects
both UFS and ZFS if they try to boot from large volumes.
This change replaces the blind trust of the BIOS end-of-disk reporting
with a read-ahead clip to prevent reads crossing the of end-of-disk
boundary. Since 2^32 (2TB) size reporting truncation is not uncommon,
the clipping is done on 2TB aliases of the reported end-of-disk.
ie: a 3TB disk reported as 1TB has readahead clipped at 1TB, 3TB, 5TB, ...
as one of them is likely to be the real end-of-disk.
This should make the loader on these broken machines behave the same as
traditional pre-r298900 loader behavior, without disabling read-ahead.
Discussed with: tsoome, allanjude